“If a little is good, a lot is better?” If so you may be killing your plants with kindness, especially when it comes to mulch. While all plants grow better with mulch, too much can kill them. The secret to nurturing a healthy landscape is to know when enough is enough.
Proper Edge and Mulch Depth
One to Two Inch Proper Mulch Depth. Spring is the time many gardeners add a fresh layer of mulch to their landscape. This year, before topping up your beds, first measure how much mulch is already there. A one to two-inch layer is ideal and provides many benefits to plants. These include weed suppression, moisture retention, and the slow addition of organic matter to the soil as the mulch decomposes. Another important benefit of mulching around trees and shrubs is that it keeps mowers and weed trimmers away from their trunks, which can be easily damaged by such equipment.
Since mulch does so many good things, it is easy to think more would be better. In reality, thicker layers of mulch harm plants. When mulch builds up over two inches around the base of trees or shrubs it often becomes hydrophobic, or water repellent. When this happens water simply sheds off the top of the mulch rather than soaking into the soil below, leaving plants thirsty. Thick layers of mulch can also suffocate plant roots. We don’t often think about the role of air in the soil, but roots need air to survive. Burying root systems under excessive layers of mulch reduces the amount of air in the soil, causing plants to decline. This decline is usually slow, often taking years for plants to die from over-mulching. Too much mulch can kill your plants and cause your lawn to lose its curb appeal.
If the mulch layer to too thick around the base of your trees or shrubs, here is the suggestion:
1. Remove and dispose of the old mulch in the plat areas it’s too thick.
2. Pick up, deliver and install a one-two inch layer under your trees and shrubs.
Mounding mulch against trunks, aka ‘volcano mulching’, can slowly kill trees and shrubs. In addition to suffocating roots, this type of mulching encourages voles and other pests. If your trees look like they are erupting out of a mountain of mulch, you have volcano mulch. To protect the health of your trees, pull excess mulch away from tree trunks. Ideally, there should be a two to four-inch layer of mulch extending out to the dripline, or edge of the tree canopy. Taper the mulch level down near the trunk so no mulch actually touches a tree’s trunk. Also, avoid piling mulch into the center of shrubs or dumping thick layers of mulch on top of perennials.
Keep Soil and Mulch Separate
Another common mistake is to treat mulch like a soil amendment, mixing it into the soil when you plant. Soil amendments like compost or finely ground pine bark have already broken down into small particles. When mixed into the soil, they slowly release nutrients, help retain moisture and also improve drainage. Most mulches are too coarse to make good soil amendments. This is especially true of hardwood mulches, pine straw, and pine nuggets.
If mulch has become mixed with soil, dig down until you find pure soil in which to plant.
Often mulch and soil are mixed together by accident when new plants are set out. Over time, you can build up a layer of mixed soil and mulch that is several inches thick. Plants typically do not grow well in this mix because it stays too dry and because the decaying mulch actually pulls nitrogen out of the soil through a process known as nitrogen drawdown. To avoid mixing mulch with soil, always rake mulch away from the area before planting. If you have beds where mulch has become mixed with the soil, rake down to the soil level and be sure to plant into the soil rather than mulch.
Don’t let too much mulch kill your plants and ruin your curb appeal. Let the professionals at Dream Greener assist you with all your mulching needs.